What is a PCP?
PCPs are a form of car finance based on a HP agreement. However unlike HP or a bank loan the payments are typically lower and at the end of the agreement you have the choice of whether to make that final payment to own the car or not.
How does a PCP work?
With a PCP, repayment is broken down into three parts:
The deposit – the deposit is typically between 10% and 30% of the value of the car, depending on the finance provider. Your deposit can be paid in cash or if you already own a car, you can trade this in for part or all of the deposit, depending on its value.
Monthly repayments – PCP agreements are usually made for terms between three and five years. PCPs generally have low monthly repayments, which can make them seem more affordable when compared to other forms of finance.
Guaranteed Minimum Future Value (GMFV) – The GMFV is the amount you will have to pay to own the car at the end of the agreement if you decide to buy the car outright and is an estimate of the future value of the car at the end of the agreement. This value is critical to the overall success of the contract. If it is set too low you will be paying higher monthly instalments to compensate but you will have a better chance of the car being worth more at the end of the contract then this minimum value. The excess value can be used to contribute to your next deposit. If set too high you will have lower payments, so the deal may appear like a more attractive one, but you are unlikely to have equity in the car at the end of the contract.
What are my options at the end of the PCP contract?
At the end of your PCP agreement what are your choices?
- You can hand back the car at no extra cost subject to the agreed terms and conditions. If your car does not meet the conditions, there will be financial penalties.
- Start a new PCP deal and use any equity in the car. So, for example, if the GMFV is €9,400, but the car is actually worth €10,600, you have €1,200 in equity to use on another PCP deposit.
- You can pay off the GMFV ( a lump sum payment at end of your contract) to buy the car.
What is the benefit of a PCP?
If you compare financing the same car on a PCP to another loan, the big difference is that you are paying off a much smaller amount of money.
Benefits for the consumer
- The monthly repayments are about 40% less than for other forms of car finance and can even be lower with some of the 0% offers.
- Deposit rates are as low as 10%
- You get the use of a new car with all the new safety features, fuel efficiency and lower tax rates
Benefits for dealers and manufacturers
1) More buyers are willing to opt for a new car as the monthly payments are low
2) PCPs are typically structures to encourage customers to go from one PCP to another. The final lump sum payment acts as deterrent to most buyers to opt to buy the car outright.
What are the disadvantages of a PCP?
- If you miss payments the bank can, and will, take the car off you;
- If you cancel your contract and return the car you’ll probably have to pay a fee.
- You may not get the colour or exact specification you’ve always wanted.
- You won’t be able to modify the car in any way.
- If you return the car with scratches or any damage you may be charged to cover the cost of putting this right. If you have a crash and the cost of the repairs is greater than 66pc of the original list price then you may also not get the minimum value you were hoping for.
- Its your responsibility to keep up servicing, repairs etc and not drive it over a maximum distance per year (this is usually around 15,000km-20,000km)
- You may be charged ‘arrangement fees’, typically €50-€150.
- High mileage could mean a lower minimum guaranteed value.
- Dealers and car company banks are able to offer lower interests rates on the deals for the first three to five years because they retain ownership of the vehicle, lowering their risk.
Is a PCP right for me?
- You need to make sure you properly understand any finance agreement before you sign up for it. Factor in also the cost of insurance, fuel, servicing and tax.
- Generally if you are intending to own the car at the contract then PCP is not the ideal form of finance. You would be better off with a loan from a bank or credit union whereby you can spread the payments evenly over a three or five year period.
- Compare loans and finance by APR – this essentially is the real cost of borrowing money because it includes interest and charges. The lower the APR, the better the finance deal.
- Read all of the terms and conditions carefully and ensure you understand the full implications of the agreement. Pay particular attention to the limit put on mileage and the car servicing requirements.
- Consider other forms of finance. While the monthly outlay is significantly higher than on a PCP the main advantage of a bank loan is that you own the car and therefore you can, if necessary, sell your car to repay the loan should you fall behind on your repayments. A Credit Union loan affords the further flexibility as there are no hidden fees, admin charges, transaction charges, set up costs or balloon payments plus you can pay off your loan early, make additional lump sum repayments or increase your regular repayments, without a penalty. Other lenders may charge extra for paying them back faster.
When you are buying a car give your car finance options at least as much consideration as the car and ensure the choice you make is the best one for your circumstances.
14th June, 2017